1st. LIMB - Yama
5 ethics regarding behaviour towards others.
(I) Ashima - Non violence
(II) Satya - Truthfulness
(III) Asteya - Non stealing
(IV) Brahmacharya - Non lust
(V) Aparigraha - Non covetousness
2nd. LIMB - Niyama
5 ethics regarding behaviour towards oneself
(I) Saucha - Purity of mind and body
(II) Santosa - Contentment
(III) Tapas - Sustained practice
(IV) Svadhyaya - Self study
(V) Ishvara Pranidhana - Surrendering one's ego and trusting the self
3rd. LIMB - Asana
The practice of Yoga postures.
4th. LIMB - Pranayama
The practice of breathing exercises
5th. LIMB - Pratyahara
Withdrawal of the senses so that the exterior world is not a distraction from the interior world within oneself.
6th. LIMB - Dharana
Concentration - meaning the ability to focus on something uninterrupted by external or internal distractions.
7th. LIMB - Dhyana
Meditation - building on Dharana, the concentration is no longer focused on a single thing but is all encompassing.
8th. LIMB - Samadhi
Meditation - building on Dhyana, the transcendence of the self through meditation. The merging of the self with the universe. Often referred to as enlightenment.